Funding agencies: This study was funded by Novartis Pharma AG (Basel, Switzerland)
AFQ056 in Parkinson patients with levodopa-induced dyskinesia: 13-week, randomized, dose-finding study
Version of Record online: 12 JUL 2013
© 2013 Movement Disorder Society
Volume 28, Issue 13, pages 1838–1846, November 2013
How to Cite
Stocchi, F., Rascol, O., Destee, A., Hattori, N., Hauser, R. A., Lang, A. E., Poewe, W., Stacy, M., Tolosa, E., Gao, H., Nagel, J., Merschhemke, M., Graf, A., Kenney, C. and Trenkwalder, C. (2013), AFQ056 in Parkinson patients with levodopa-induced dyskinesia: 13-week, randomized, dose-finding study. Mov. Disord., 28: 1838–1846. doi: 10.1002/mds.25561
This study is registered (NCT00986414).
Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Haitao Gao and Christopher Kenney are employees of Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation. Jennifer Nagel, Martin Merschhemke, and Ana Graf are employees of Novartis Pharma AG. Fabrizio Stocchi, Olivier Rascol, Alain Destee, Robert A. Hauser, Mark Stacy, and Claudia Trenkwalder have served on AFQ056 advisory board(s). Alain Destee received honoraria for consultancy from Novartis in the context of Clinical Drug development programs for Parkinson's disease. Werner Poewe has received honoraria for consultancy and lecture fees from Novartis AG in the context of clinical drug development programs for Parkinson's disease.
Mark Stacy Received Grant/Research Support from Ceregene, Michael J. Fox Foundation, NIH, Parkinson Study Group and has served as a consultant for Consultant Allergan, Biotie, Chelsea, General Electric, Johnson & Johnson, Lilly, Merz, Neuronova, Novartis, Osmotica, SK Life Sciences, UCB.
Full financial disclosures and author roles may be found in the online version of this article.
- Issue online: 13 NOV 2013
- Version of Record online: 12 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 2 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Received: 2 NOV 2012
- Novartis Pharma AG (Basel, Switzerland). Grant Number: NCT00986414
- Parkinson's disease;
- levodopa (l-dopa);
- glutamate antagonists;
AFQ056 is a novel, selective metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 antagonist. This was a 13-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients with Parkinson's disease and moderate-to-severe levodopa (l-dopa)-induced dyskinesia who were receiving stable l-dopa/anti-parkinsonian treatment and were not currently receiving amantadine were randomized to receive either AFQ056 (at doses of 20, 50, 100, 150, or 200 mg daily) or placebo (1:1:1:1:2:3 ratio) for 12 weeks. The primary outcome was the modified Abnormal Involuntary Movements Scale. Secondary outcomes included the 26-item Parkinson's Disease Dyskinesia Scale, the Patient's/Clinician's Global Impression of Change, and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale parts III (motor evaluation) and IV (severity of motor complications). Safety was assessed. In total, 98 of 133 (73.7%) AFQ056-treated patients and 47 of 64 (73.4%) patients in the placebo group completed the study. Baseline characteristics were comparable. Patients randomized to AFQ056 200 mg daily administered in 2 doses demonstrated significant improvements at Week 12 on the modified Abnormal Involuntary Movements Scale compared with placebo (difference, −2.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], −5.2, −0.4; P = 0.007). Based on final actual doses, there was a dose-response relationship on the modified Abnormal Involuntary Movements Scale, with 200 mg daily demonstrating the most robust effect (difference, −3.6; 95% CI, −7.0, −0.3; P = 0.012). Improvements in dyskinesia were supported by change on Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part IV item 32 (50 mg daily: difference, −0.7; 95% CI, −1.1, −0.2; P = 0.003; 200 mg daily: difference, −0.5; 95% CI, −0.8, −0.1; P = 0.005). No significant changes were observed on the 26-item Parkinson's Disease Dyskinesia Scale, the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part IV item 33 or items 32 and 33, or the Patient's/Clinician's Global Impression of Change. Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part III scores were not significantly changed, indicating no worsening of motor symptoms. The most common adverse events (with incidence greater with AFQ056 than with placebo) were dizziness, hallucination, fatigue, nasopharyngitis, diarrhea, and insomnia. AFQ056 demonstrated anti-dyskinetic efficacy in this population without worsening underlying motor symptoms. These results will guide dose selection for future clinical trials. © 2013 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society