Funding agencies: This work was supported through grants from the National Institutes of Health (R01 NS077959, UL1 TR000448). General support came from the Greater St. Louis American Parkinson Disease Association (APDA) and the APDA Advanced Center for Parkinson's Disease Research at Washington University.
Dynamic control of posture across locomotor tasks
Article first published online: 16 OCT 2013
© 2013 Movement Disorder Society
Special Issue: Gait and Balance in Movement Disorders
Volume 28, Issue 11, pages 1501–1508, 15 September 2013
How to Cite
Earhart, G. M. (2013), Dynamic control of posture across locomotor tasks. Mov. Disord., 28: 1501–1508. doi: 10.1002/mds.25592
Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Nothing to report.
Full financial disclosures may be found in the online version of this article.
- Issue published online: 16 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 16 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 6 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Received: 27 FEB 2013
- motor control;
- Parkinson's disease
Successful locomotion depends on postural control to establish and maintain appropriate postural orientation of body segments relative to one another and to the environment and to ensure dynamic stability of the moving body. This article provides a framework for considering dynamic postural control, highlighting the importance of coordination, consistency, and challenges to postural control posed by various locomotor tasks, such as turning and backward walking. The impacts of aging and various movement disorders on postural control are discussed broadly in an effort to provide a general overview of the field and recommendations for assessment of dynamic postural control across different populations in both clinical and research settings. Suggestions for future research on dynamic postural control during locomotion also are provided and include discussion of opportunities afforded by new and developing technologies, the need for long-term monitoring of locomotor performance in everyday activities, gaps in our knowledge of how targeted intervention approaches modify dynamic postural control, and the relative paucity of literature regarding dynamic postural control in movement disorder populations other than Parkinson's disease. © 2013 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society