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Keywords:

  • impulse control disorders;
  • infusion pumps;
  • levodopa, administration and dosage;
  • intraduodenal levodopa;
  • DDS;
  • Parkinson's disease

ABSTRACT

Background

Impulsivity and dopamine dysregulation syndrome are frequent complications of treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD).

Methods

We assessed the effect of jejunal levodopa infusion (JLI) on behavioral symptoms in 8 PD patients with motor complications and severe impulsivity and dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS), which had not be controlled before by adjusting oral medications. The infusion was delivered during 15 hours (daily dose 1007.2 ± 302.5 mg) and stopped at night time. Patients were reassessed after 25 ± 9 weeks of treatment with a stable dose of jejunal l-dopa.

Results

Off periods and dyskinesias decreased by 27% and 20,7% respectively, compared to baseline. DDS and all types of impulse control disorders (ICDs) improved in all patients, with nearly complete symptom resolution. Punding improved in all 5 patients but disappeared completely in only 1.

Conclusions

Our experience suggests that l-dopa infusion has a positive effect on both motor complications and behavioral disorders. This treatment approach deserves further controlled studies. © 2013 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society