Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Nothing to report.
Movement disorders in women: A review
Article first published online: 22 OCT 2013
© 2013 Movement Disorder Society
Volume 29, Issue 2, pages 177–183, February 2014
How to Cite
Rabin, M. L., Stevens-Haas, C., Havrilla, E., Devi, T. and Kurlan, R. (2014), Movement disorders in women: A review. Mov. Disord., 29: 177–183. doi: 10.1002/mds.25723
Full financial disclosures and author roles may be found in the online version of this article.
- Issue published online: 20 FEB 2014
- Article first published online: 22 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 25 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 11 JUL 2013
- movement disorders;
The field of women's health developed based on the recognition that there are important sex-based differences regarding several aspects of medical illnesses. We performed a literature review to obtain information about differences between women and men for neurological movement disorders. We identified important differences in prevalence, genetics, clinical expression, course, and treatment responses. In addition, we found that female life events, including menstruation, pregnancy, breast feeding, menopause, and medications prescribed to women (such as oral contraceptives and hormone-replacement therapy), have significant implications for women with movement disorders. Understanding this biological sex-specific information can help improve the quality and individualization of care for women with movement disorders and may provide insights into neurobiological mechanisms. © 2013 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society