Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Nothing to report.
Idiopathic head tremor in english bulldogs
Article first published online: 27 DEC 2013
© 2013 Movement Disorder Society
Volume 29, Issue 2, pages 191–194, February 2014
How to Cite
Guevar, J., De Decker, S., Van Ham, L. M.L., Fischer, A. and Volk, H. A. (2014), Idiopathic head tremor in english bulldogs. Mov. Disord., 29: 191–194. doi: 10.1002/mds.25767
Full financial disclosures and author roles may be found in the online version of this article.
- Issue published online: 20 FEB 2014
- Article first published online: 27 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 27 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Received: 11 SEP 2013
- movement disorder;
- head tremor
Idiopathic head tremor (IHT) syndrome is a recognized but poorly characterized movement disorder in English bulldogs (EBs). The data analyzed were collected via a detailed online questionnaire and video recordings. Thirty-eight percent of the population demonstrated IHT. The first presentation was early in life. There was no sex or neutered status predisposition. The condition disappeared with time in 50% of the cases. The direction of the head movement was vertical or horizontal. The number of episodes per day and the duration of the episodes were greatly variable. The majority of episodes occurred at rest. Most of the episodes were unpredictable. And there was no alteration of the mental status for most dogs during the episodes. Stress has been reported as a suspected trigger factor. IHT in EBs can be considered an idiopathic paroxysmal movement disorder. © 2013 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society