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Keywords:

  • Tongue tremor;
  • Essential tremor;
  • Ethanol;
  • Propranolol;
  • Primidone;
  • Clonazepam

Abstract

Twenty patients with tongue tremor associated with essential tremor are reported. Patients were unaware of the tongue tremor, and voice disturbance was a complaint in only one patient. Three patients had an isolated tongue tremor. Hand tremor was present in 16 patients. Dystonia, myoclonus, and tremor of other body parts were present in some patients. Three patients had a mild-to-moderate dysarthria. The frequency of tongue tremor (4–8 Hz) was identical to hand tremor. The intravenous infusion of ethanol suppressed tongue tremor. Therapy with propranolol, primidone, or clonazepam also reduced tongue tremor amplitude. Tongue tremor is a common finding in some essential tremor patients but often there are no symptoms.