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Keywords:

  • Wilson's disease;
  • Dystonia;
  • IBZM-SPECT;
  • MRI;
  • Apomorphine

Abstract

[123I]iodobenzamide-single photon emission computed tomography (IBZMSPECT) was employed to study the distribution of dopamine D2 receptors in a patient with biochemically proven Wilson's disease presenting with generalized dystonia. IBZM is a dopamine D2 receptor antagonist with high affinity and specific binding to basal ganglia detectable by SPECT. IBZM-SPECT in this patient (age, 20 years) displayed a striatum to frontal cortex ratio of 1.2 compared to 1.55 ± 0.05 (mean ± SD) in normal controls (n = 7; mean age, 53.3 years). In parallel with this finding, MRI with heavily T2-weighted sequences showed atrophy and low signal intensity changes of the basal ganglia. There was no improvement of dystonia after a subcutaneous injection of apomorphine. In contrast, IBZM-SPECT of a neurologically asymptomatic Wilson's disease patient (age, 21 years) displayed a striatum to frontal cortex ratio of 1.6. The MRI scan of this patient was normal. It is suggested that the observed apomorphine-unresponsive generalized dystonia in this Wilson's disease patient is related to striatal lesions proven by IBZM-SPECT and MRI.