N-0923, a selective dopamine D2 receptor agonist, is efficacious in rat and monkey models of Parkinson's disease

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Abstract

Certain aminotetralins are known to be potent dopamine D2 receptor agonists. N-0923, [-]2-(N-propyl-N-2-thienylethylamino)-5-hydroxytetralin HCl, recognizes the high and low affinity states of the D2 receptor in membranes from bovine caudate with a Klow of 79 nM. The selectivity ratio is D2/D1 = 15 and D22 = 1.4. N-0923 also inhibits dopamine uptake and prolactin secretion, and it is an antagonist at the α2 receptor. N-0923 (3–300 nmol/kg, s.c.) induced dose-dependent contralateral turning behavior in rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the substantia nigra. The ED50 of 30 nmol/kg was effective for 1 h. The positive enantiomer (N-0924; 300 nmol/kg, s. c.) was without effect. A hemiparkinsonian syndrome was induced in four Macaca nemestrina monkeys by unilateral infusion of the neurotoxin MPTP into the right carotid artery. Video recordings of free-moving behavior revealed bradykinesia, disuse of the contralateral upper limb and turning in a direction ipsilateral to the lesion. N-0923 (3–300 nmol/kg, i.m.) induced contralateral turning behavior, exploratory activity, and contralateral limb usage. The ED50 for turning (30 nmol/kg) was effective for 0.5 h. The potency order for induction of contralateral rotations was (+)-PHNON-0923 > bromocriptine. N-0924 (300 nmol/kg, i. m.) was ineffective. We conclude that N-0923 may be useful as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.

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