Cervical dystonia due to spinal cord ependymoma: Involvement of cervical cord segments in the pathogenesis of dystonia



We report a patient with a progressive motor disorder dominated by pyramidal signs in all four extremities and cervical dystonia in the form of torticollis, who had imaging features of cervical cord tumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning. Ependymoma was the final diagnosis by histology. Cervical dystonia presenting as a manifestation of an identified focal central nervous system (CNS) lesion is infrequent. We believe our patient to be the first adult example of cervical cord tumor giving rise to cervical dystonia. Adding this entity to the list of differential diagnosis of torticollis is considered, and its mechanisms are discussed.