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Keywords:

  • Benign hereditary chorea;
  • Ataxia telangiectasia

Abstract

We report a nonconsanguineous family in whom two (of three) sons developed isolated chorea in early childhood, suggesting a diagnosis of benign hereditary chorea (BHC). However, cerebellar ataxia and oculomotor apraxia, without telangiectasia, subsequently developed. Chromosome analysis showed increased radiosensitivity in both brothers and translocations in the younger one. We conclude that ataxia with chromosomal instability may masquerade as BHC in some patients.