We have developed a rodent model of striatonigral degeration, one of the core pathologies underlying the disease multiple system atrophy (MSA). 6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was administered into the left medial forebrain bundle of male Wistar rats, followed 3–4 weeks later by intrastriatal injection of quinolinic acid into the ipsilateral stratum. The 6-OHDA lesion resulted in ipsilateral rotation to (+)-amphetamine and contralateral rotation to apomorphine. Following the subsequent striatal lesion, amphetamine-induced ipsilateral rotation persisted, but apomorphine-induced contralateral rotation was reduced or abolished. Subsequently, the lesioned striatum was implanted with fetal CNS allografts consisting of cell suspensions derived from striatal primordium alone or combined with cografts of ventral mesencephalon. Cografted rats showed a reduction or reversal of amphetamine-induced rotation. This was not observed in animals receiving striatal grafts alone. Apomorphine-induced contralateral rotation was restored after striatal grafts alone, but only partially in animals receiving sham or cografts. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and dopamine- and cyclic adenosine 3′:5′-monophosphate-regulated phosphoprotein (DARPP 32) immunocytochemistry showed mesencephalic and striatal graft survival in most animals. However, dopaminergic outgrowth was restricted to the graft deposit. The latter was surrounded by a markedly gliotic glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive capsule continuous with corpus callosum. Dopaminergic reinnervation of denervated and lesioned adult striatum itself was absent, suggesting that rotational recovery was due to diffuse dopamine release. The study shows that combined unilateral lesioning of rodent medial forebrain bundle and striatum results in a characterstic drug-induced rotational response that can be partly restored by mesencephalic/striatal cografts.