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Keywords:

  • Dyskinesia;
  • Parkinson's disease;
  • Ropinirole

Abstract

In contrast to levodopa (L-dopa), de novo administration of the D2-like receptor agonist bromocriptine to patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) or to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated subhuman primates is not associated with the onset of significant dyskinesia. We now compare the ability of the novel D2-like selective dopamine agonist ropinirole with that of bromocriptine and L-dopa to induce dyskinesia in MPTP-treated common marmosets. MPTP-treated common marmosets were treated with placebo, L-dopa plus carbidopa, ropinirole, or bromocriptine daily for 30 days (n = 4 per group) in doses that were titrated to similarly increase locomotion and improve motor disability. L-dopa rapidly induced dyskinesia of moderate to severe intensity, whereas ropinirole and bromocriptine produced mild dyskinesia over the course of the study that was significantly less severe than in the L-dopa-treated group (p < 0.05). However, in a separate group of marmosets previously primed with L-dopa to exhibit dyskinesia, ropinirole administration elicited severe dyskinesias comparable with that of L-dopa in a dosedependent fashion. Ropinirole, in common with bromocriptine, has a lesser tendency than L-dopa to produce dyskinesia while similarly improving motor performance in drug-naive MPTP-treated marmosets. However, in common with other dopamine agonists, ropinirole will elicit comparable dyskinesia once L-dopa priming has occurred. These results predict a similar response to ropinirole and other long-acting dopamine agonists in L-dopa-naive patients with PD and emphasize the importance of avoiding initial dyskinesia induction through early use of dopamine agonist drugs.