International ICT policy frameworks: A multi-country case study of success in interactivity, mobility, convertibility, connectivity, ubiquity, and globalization



Various countries have developed broad ICT policy frameworks that focus on enabling the knowledge economy through improving diffusion mechanisms and enhancing uptake conditions. In many cases these policies have failed to promote a forward-looking information society or deliver anticipated economic growth and social development (Mui and Chun, 2004). However, Finland and Singapore, classified by the Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook as advanced economies (CIA, 2008), have shown exceptional leadership in developing and executing robust ICT policy frameworks that have effectively supported their successful transformations to high-growth knowledge economies, thereby promoting prosperity, economic growth, and community cohesion within these regions. This study aims to analyze the unique characteristics of Finland and Singapore's national ICT policy frameworks that have contributed to their interactivity, mobility, convertibility, connectivity, ubiquity, and globalization. As it does so, it will identify several critical success factors that have shaped progress in these settings. Identification of these success factors will help policy makers and IT practitioners as they devise meaningful policies.