International implementation of digital library software/platforms



This panel will present an overview of adoption and implementation of digital library software/platforms and standards with an international perspective. Decision factors in adoption of particular software/platform and standards will be reviewed. Impact of organizational, social, legal, and cultural factors will be highlighted.


Digital Libraries (DLs) were envisioned as network-accessible repositories in 1990s. Now, DLs extend the classical brick-and-mortar library concept, bring value to society, and transform the information landscape by improving and changing the means of knowledge access, creation, use, and discovery across disciplines regardless of temporal and geographical barriers (Larsen & Watctlar, 2003; Reddy & Wladawsky-Berger, 2001). The speed of technological advances in information technologies (IT) in the last ten years has enabled DLs to provide innovative resources and services to people.

DL research and development are very vibrant, international, and broad in scope since the field requires contributions from many diverse (Arms, 2000). Availability of research funding for DLs in the 1990s attracted attention from various disciplines not only library and information science and computer science but also sociology, political science, and others (Borgman, 1999). This attention led not only to the development of interdisciplinary and international research but also to the integration of results from diverse array of fields. Arms (2000) argues that majority of the challenges researchers and practitioners face in DL development are influenced by social, economic, and legal factors rather than by technical factors.

Academic institutions and their libraries pioneered a number of successful DL software/platform development efforts such as Fedora by the University of Virginia Library and Cornell University, Greenstone by the University of Waikato, and DSpace by the Massachusetts of Institute of Technology. Beerkens (2004) draws attention to complexities in collaborations at the international level in teaching and research due to regulatory, social, and cultural context in which academic institutions operate. He cites a number of factors at the national level (e.g., public and regulatory pressures), at the institutional level (e.g., organizational culture), and at the individual level (e.g., values, academic standards). Oguz (2007) found that the decision-making process in DLs is a complex social process in which organizational, individual, and technology-specific factors play critical roles when making technology adoption decisions.

Panel Description

Dr. Yasar Tonta will give a brief overview of digital library initiatives in Turkey and review digital library software packages and platforms in use in Turkish university libraries. He then will discuss the issues and problems of implementation that need to be tackled in order for them to be fully integrated in the European and international digital library scene. Presentation will conclude with some recommendations.

Dr. EunKyung Chung will focus on the National Digital Library (NDL) initiative and various digital library projects in major universities in Korea. The National Digital Library in Korea ( began to provide its services in January 2009 with preceding various digital library projects in major universities in Korea. The primary issue in this presentation will be on examining how these initiatives and projects adopt specific technological systems with respect to specific environmental factors.

Mr. Ezra S. Gbaje will briefly review the efforts by various institutions in Nigeria to develop a digital library in general. A detail overview of the efforts of one the largest and oldest University in Nigeria, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria to adopt and deploy DSpace software as a platform for its digital library will be provided. Challenges encountered in the implementation will be highlighted.

Ms. Krystyna K. Matusiak will provide an overview of the newspaper digitization project at the Press Institute of Mongolia, a non-profit organization located in Ulan Baatar, Mongolia. Using the case of the Digital Archive of Mongolian Newspapers, the presenter will address the challenges of creating international digital libraries, including language support, selection of the software that support non-Latin characters, adherence to digital library standards, the implementation of Greenstone as a digital library platform, and collection sustainability.


Sponsors: SIG/DL, SIG/III

Appendix A

Presenters' Biographies

Dr. Fatih Oguz received his PhD in information science from University of North Texas in 2007. He is an assistant professor in the Master of Library and Information Science at Valdosta State University since 2006. His doctoral research focused on the impact of communities of practice as informal communication mechanisms on technology adoption decisions in digital libraries. He has participated in a number of research projects including Library of Texas resource sharing project at the Texas Center for Digital Knowledge, a research, development, and consulting service enterprise at the University of North Texas, as a doctoral student. His research is focused in the areas of digital libraries, diffusion of innovations, information architecture, Web 2.0 technologies, XML-based Web services. He has presented his research in national and international conferences.

Dr. Yasar Tonta is the founding director of Turkish Academic Network and Information Center (1996–1998); Chair, Information Management Committee (IMC) of NATO's Research & Technology Organization (1999–2001); Director of Lecture Series on Electronic Information Management (2002–2004); Chair, Symposium on Information Management in the Changing World (24–26 October 2007, Ankara, Turkey); Guest co-editor (with Gail Hodges), special issue of Information Services & Use (vol. 25, no 1, 2005) on electronic information management; Editor, Türk Kütüphaneciligi (1995–1996), and Bilgi Dünyasi (2000); Received his graduate degrees from UC Berkeley (Ph.D.), University of Wales (M.Lib.), and Hacettepe University (M.A.); Published in professional journals (e.g., JASIS&T, Scientometrics, and LISR); Member of several organizations including ASIS&T.

Dr. EunKyung Chung is an assistant professor in the Department of Library and Information Science at the Ewha Womans University in Seoul, Korea. Her research areas include Digital Libraries, Text Classification, Information Retrieval and Web Search, Tagging Systems and Automatic Metadata Generation. Her research articles in several interest areas have been published in the ASIST proceedings, Information Research (forthcoming), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, and Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management.

Mr. Ezra S. Gbaje is lecturer and a doctoral student at Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State Nigeria. He has earned his Masters in Library Science degree from the School of Library and Information Management, Emporia State University. He worked briefly as the Digital Services Librarian for the Raymon H. Mulforld Library Medical University of Ohio USA (now University of Toledo Health Science Campus). His research interests include the use of web and information technology to support effective access to digital information resources, open access scholarly communication, and digital preservation. He is currently the eIFL.Net Open Access country coordinator for Nigeria and in 2008 secured a grant from eIFL.Net to organize the first International Workshop on Open Access Repositories, New Model of Scholarly Communication in Nigeria ( In collaboration with the University Library of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, he has installed and configured the first institutional repository in Nigeria using Dspace platform.

Ms. Krystyna Matusiak works as Digital Collections Librarian at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries. She has designed and managed digital collections since the initiation of the digitization program at UWM Libraries in the fall of 2001. She has also worked as a digitization consultant assisting digital library projects at the Press Institute of Mongolia in Ulan Baatar, Mongolia and the Al-Aqsa Mosque Library in East Jerusalem. She is currently working on a Ph.D. in information design and organization. Her research interests include development and evaluation of digital libraries, information design, usability, and digital literacy. She has presented her research at national conferences and published in professional journals, including Journal of Academic Librarianship, OCLC Systems & Services, and Serials Librarian.