• Benkler, Y. (2006). The wealth of networks: How social production transforms markets and freedom. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press.
  • Burd, G. (2007). Mobility in Mediapolis: Will Cities Be Displaced, Replaced, or Disappear? In S.Kleinman (Ed.), Displacing place: Mobile Communication in the Twenty-first Century (pp. 3958): Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.
  • Davies, W., & Crabtree, J. (2004). Invisible Villages: Technolocalism and community renewal [Electronic Version]. Renewal, 12. Retrieved September 30, 2008, from
  • Emerson, R. M., Fretz, R. I., & Shaw, L. L. (1995). Writing ethnographic fieldnotes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Gordon, E., & Koo, G. (2008). Placeworlds: Using Virtual Worlds to Foster Civic Engagement. Space and Culture, 11(3), 204221.
  • Hampton, K., & Wellman, B. (2003). Neighboring in Netville: How the Internet supports community and social capital in a wired suburb. City & Community, 2(4), 277311.
  • Hardey, M. (2007). The City in the Age of Web 2.0: A New Synergistic Relationship between Place and People. Information, Communication & Society, 10(6), 867884.
  • Hook, A., Longson, T., & Degraf, B. (2004). Thingster Overview. Retrieved September 30, 2008, from
  • Jenkins, H. (2007). Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press.
  • Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
  • McCullough, M. (2004). Digital ground : architecture, pervasive computing, and environmental knowing. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
  • Placeblogger. (n.d.). What is a placeblog? Retrieved October 2, 2008, from
  • Savolainen, R. (2008). Everyday Information Practices: A Social Phenomenological Perspective Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, Inc.
  • Scott, M. (2007). WordSmith Tools. Version 5.0: Oxford University Press.
  • Shirky, C. (2008). Here comes everybody: The power of organizing without organizations. New York: Penguin Press.
  • Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning, and Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Wenger, E. (n.d.). Communities of Practice: A Brief Introduction. Retrieved January 15, 2009, from