Repair of complete nerve lacerations at the forearm: An outcome study using Rosén–Lundborg protocol

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Abstract

A comparison of outcomes based on a scoring system for assessments, described by Rosén and Lundborg, after sharp complete laceration of median and/or ulnar nerves at various levels in the forearm was carried out. There were 66 males (90.4%) and 7 females (9.6%), with a mean age of 31 years (range: 14–62 years). The patients were categorized into three groups according to the type of nerve injury. The median nerve was injured in 25 cases (group M, 34.3%), the ulnar in 27 (group U, 36.9%), and both the nerves in 21 (group MU, 28.8%). The demographic data of the patients and the mechanism of injury were recorded. We also examined the employment status at the time of the injury and we estimated the percentage of patients who returned to their work after trauma. In all cases, a primary epineural repair was performed. Concomitant injuries were repaired in the same setting. The mean period of time between injury and surgery was 5.3 hours (range: 2–120 hours). A rehabilitation protocol and a reeducation program were followed in all cases. The mean follow-up was 3 years (range: 2–6 years), with more distal injuries having a shorter follow-up period. The total score was 2.71 in group M (range: 0.79–2.99) and 2.63 in group U (range: 0.63–3), with no significant differences observed. There was a significant difference between these two groups and group MU (total score 2.03, range: 0.49–2.76, P = 0.02). Up to the last follow-up, 61 patients (83.5%) had returned to their previous work. The Rosén–Lundborg model can be a useful and simple tool for the evaluation of the functional outcome after nerve injury and repair temporally reflecting the processes of regeneration and reinnervation. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Microsurgery, 2011.

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