The Acid/Base Profile of the Human Metabolome and Natural Products

Authors

  • David T. Manallack,

    Corresponding author
    1. Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Delivery, Disposition and Dynamics, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University (Parkville Campus), 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia tel: +61 3 99039537
    • Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Delivery, Disposition and Dynamics, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University (Parkville Campus), 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia tel: +61 3 99039537
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  • Matthew L. Dennis,

    1. Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Delivery, Disposition and Dynamics, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University (Parkville Campus), 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia tel: +61 3 99039537
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  • Mark R. Kelly,

    1. Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Delivery, Disposition and Dynamics, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University (Parkville Campus), 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia tel: +61 3 99039537
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  • Richard J. Prankerd,

    1. Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Delivery, Disposition and Dynamics, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University (Parkville Campus), 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia tel: +61 3 99039537
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  • Elizabeth Yuriev,

    1. Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Delivery, Disposition and Dynamics, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University (Parkville Campus), 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia tel: +61 3 99039537
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  • David K. Chalmers

    1. Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Delivery, Disposition and Dynamics, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University (Parkville Campus), 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia tel: +61 3 99039537
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Abstract

Human small molecule metabolites (the human metabolome) are a set of compounds that interact with at least one macromolecule in the biosphere. This study investigates the acid/base profile of the human metabolome, natural products and drugs, together with an analysis of their physicochemical properties. Ionisation constants (pKa values) are estimated for each compound and the identity of the ionisable functional groups in each set is determined. The acid/base and physicochemical property profile of the lipid component of the metabolome differed considerably to the other datasets. In contrast, the acid/base properties of non-lipid metabolites were found to be similar to both drugs and natural products. While the non-lipid metabolites have lower average ClogP values and more hydrogen bond donors than the other datasets, the distribution of physicochemical property values overlapped considerably with the drug dataset. Considering also that the non-lipid metabolites are of biochemical interest, their characteristics have great potential to influence the selection of screening compounds for drug discovery.

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