Soy, isoflavones, and prostate cancer



Prostate cancer has marked geographic variations between countries. Genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors co-contribute to the development of the cancer. The association between dietary factors and prostate cancer has been investigated and one explanation for the low incidence of the cancer in Asia might be high consumption of fresh vegetables including soybean and its products. Soybean is a species of legume contain high amount of isoflavones including genistein, daidzein, glycitein, and equol, which have a prophylactic effect on prostate cancer. In this article, epidemiological and laboratory studies on the relationship between soybeans, isoflavones and prostate cancer are reviewed and large scale multiethnic epidemiological studies are recommended.