These authors have contributed equally to this work.
Interaction of dietary polyphenols with bovine milk proteins: Molecular structure–affinity relationship and influencing bioactivity aspects
Article first published online: 1 AUG 2011
Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Volume 55, Issue 11, pages 1637–1645, November 2011
How to Cite
Xiao, J., Mao, F., Yang, F., Zhao, Y., Zhang, C. and Yamamoto, K. (2011), Interaction of dietary polyphenols with bovine milk proteins: Molecular structure–affinity relationship and influencing bioactivity aspects. Mol. Nutr. Food Res., 55: 1637–1645. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201100280
- Issue published online: 2 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 1 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 4 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Received: 25 APR 2011
- Shanghai Rising-Star Program. Grant Number: 11QA1404700
- Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai. Grant Number: 10ZR1421700
- Leading Academic Discipline Project of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission. Grant Number: J50401
- Innovation Program of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission. Grant Number: 10YZ68
- Shanghai Municipal Education Commission and Shanghai Education Development Foundation. Grant Number: 09CG46
- Program of Shanghai Normal University. Grant Number: SK201006
- DPPH radical scavengers;
- Milk proteins;
- Protein–polyphenol interaction;
- Structure–affinity relationship
Scope: Dietary flavonoids and stilbenes are important polyphenols in foods, such as, e.g. fruits, vegetables, nuts, and tea as they are of great interest for their bioactivities, which are related to the anti-oxidative property.
Methods and results: The relationship between the structural properties of dietary polyphenols and their affinities for milk proteins (MP) was investigated. Methylation and methoxylation of flavonoids decreased (or hardly affected) the affinities for MP. Hydroxylation on the rings A and B of flavones and flavonols enhanced the interaction slightly. The hydroxylation on the ring A of flavanones significantly improved the affinities. Glycosylation of flavonoids weakened the affinities by 1–2 orders of magnitude. The hydrogenation of the C2C3 double bond of flavonoids decreased the binding affinities by 7.24–75.86-fold. Galloylation of catechins significantly improved the binding affinities by about 100–1000-fold. Glycosylation of resveratrol decreased its affinity for MP. Esterification of gallic acid increased its binding affinity. MP significantly weakened the DPPH radical scavenging activity of polyphenols. The decreasing DPPH scavenging percentages of polyphenols increased with increasing affinities of MP–polyphenol complexes.
Conclusion: The binding affinities with MP were strongly influenced by the structural differences of dietary polyphenols. The MP–polyphenol interaction weakened with the DPPH free radical scavenging potential of polyphenols.