Get access

Calcium-sensing receptor mediates dietary peptide-induced CCK secretion in enteroendocrine STC-1 cells


Correspondence: Dr. Tohru Hira, Division of Applied Bioscience, Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Kita-9, Nishi-9, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060–8589, Japan


Fax: +81-11-706-2504



Dietary peptides are potent stimulators of cholecystokinin (CCK) secretion, but the sensing mechanism in CCK-producing cells is poorly understood. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) mediates CCK secretion induced by amino acids. We investigated the role of CaSR in CCK secretions induced by various protein hydrolysates (egg albumin, meat, casein, azuki bean, soybean ß-conglycinin, and potato) in the enteroendocrine cell line STC-1.

Methods and results

CCK secretions in response to these hydrolysates were measured in the STC-1 cells with or without CaSR antagonist (NPS 2143) treatment. Changes in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in response to protein hydrolysates were measured in Human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells transfected with CaSR-expression vector. Protein hydrolysates-induced CCK secretions were decreased by CaSR antagonist treatment, except meat hydrolysate-induced secretion. Protein hydrolysates increased [Ca2+]i in CaSR-transfected HEK 293 cells. CaSR antagonist treatment suppressed low molecular weight fractions of azuki hydrolysate-induced CCK secretion, but the secretion induced by both low and high molecular weight fractions of ß-conglycinin hydrolysate. Further, CCK secretion induced by peptide fractions (>500 Da) derived from various protein hydrolysates were also reduced by CaSR antagonist.


These results demonstrate that CaSR plays a significant role in sensing various dietary peptides in triggering CCK secretion in enteroendocrine cells.