• Adiposity;
  • Grape skin extract;
  • Hepatic steatosis;
  • High fat diet;
  • Lipid-regulating enzyme

This study investigated the influence of polyphenol-rich grape skin extract (GSE) on adiposity and hepatic steatosis in mice fed a high fat diet (HFD) and its underlying mechanisms based on adipose and hepatic lipid metabolism. C57BL/6J mice were fed a normal diet or a HFD (20% fat, w/w) with or without GSE (0.15%, w/w) for 10 weeks. The supplementation of GSE significantly lowered body weight, fat weight, plasma free fatty acid level, and hepatic lipid accumulation compared to the HFD group. Plasma leptin level was significantly lower, while the plasma adiponectin level was higher in the GSE group than in the HFD group. GSE supplementation significantly suppressed the activities of lipogenic enzymes in both adipose and liver tissues, which was concomitant with β-oxidation activation. Furthermore, GSE reversed the HFD-induced changes of the expression of genes involved in lipogenesis and β-oxidation in the liver. These findings suggest that GSE may protect against diet-induced adiposity and hepatic steatosis by regulating mRNA expression and/or activities of enzymes that regulate lipogenesis and fatty acid oxidation in the adipose tissue and liver.