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Keywords:

  • Menaquinone-4;
  • Phylloquinone;
  • Tocopherol;
  • Vitamin E;
  • Vitamin K

Scope

The effects of vitamin E on vitamin K metabolism were elucidated by comparing the effect of tocopherol intake on vitamin K concentrations in rats fed phylloquinone (PK) or menaquinone (MK)-4.

Methods and results

Initially, the dietary effect of RRR-α-tocopherol, but not RRR-γ-tocopherol, in decreasing extrahepatic PK concentrations was confirmed. Subsequently, rats were fed a PK or MK-4-containing diet (0.75 mg/kg) with RRR-α-tocopherol (0, 10, 50, or 500 mg/kg) for 6 weeks. In rats fed PK, α-tocopherol consumption decreased PK in kidney, lung, heart, muscle, testis, and brain but not in serum and liver. However, in rats fed MK-4, α-tocopherol consumption did not decrease MK-4 in serum and tissues. Finally, vitamin K- and E-depleted rats were administered PK or MK-4 (0.2 mg) with RRR-α-tocopherol (0, 1, or 10 mg) by gavage. After PK administration, α-tocopherol was observed to decrease PK in kidney, adrenal gland, lung, testis, and brain but not in serum and liver, whereas, after MK-4 administration, α-tocopherol did not affect MK-4 in serum and tissues.

Conclusion

Excess α-tocopherol decreased extrahepatic PK in rats fed PK but not MK-4 in rats fed MK-4.