NMR-based analysis of structure of heteroleptic triple-decker (phthalocyaninato) (porphyrinato) lanthanides in solutions

Authors

  • Kirill P. Birin,

    1. A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospekt 31, 119991 Moscow, Russia
    2. N.S. Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospekt 31, 119991 Moscow, Russia
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  • Yulia G. Gorbunova,

    Corresponding author
    1. A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospekt 31, 119991 Moscow, Russia
    2. N.S. Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospekt 31, 119991 Moscow, Russia
    • N.S. Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospekt 31, 119991 Moscow, Russia.
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  • Aslan Yu. Tsivadze

    1. A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospekt 31, 119991 Moscow, Russia
    2. N.S. Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospekt 31, 119991 Moscow, Russia
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Abstract

A novel approach for the structural analysis of heteroleptic triple-decker (porphyrinato)(phthalocyaninato) lanthanides(III) in solutions is developed. The developed approach consists in molecular mechanics (MM+) optimization of the geometry of the complex taking into account the lanthanide-induced shift (LIS) datasets. LISs of the resonance peaks in 1H NMR spectra of a series of symmetric complexes [An4P]Ln[(15C5)4Pc]Ln[An4P], where An4P2− is 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)porphyrinato-dianion, [(15C5)4Pc]2− is 2,3,9,10,16,17,24,25-tetrakis(15-crown-5)phthalocyaninato-dianion and Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, are analyzed. Analysis of LISs showed two sets of protons in the molecule with opposite signs of shift. Two-nuclei analysis of LISs testifies isostructurality of the whole series of investigated complexes in solution despite contraction of the lanthanide ions. Model-free separation of contact and dipolar contributions of LISs was performed with one-nucleus technique and did not show changes in contact and dipolar terms within the investigated series. MM+ optimization of the molecular structure allowed the interpretation of features of LIS for each particular group of protons. Parameterization of MM + -optimized model of molecule with values of structure-dependent dipolar contributions of LIS allows the development of the precise structural model of the triple-decker complex in solution. This approach allows the determination of the geometry and structure of the sandwich macrocyclic tetrapyrrolic complexes together with conformational analysis of flexible peripheral substituents in solutions. The developed method can be applied with minor modifications for the determination of structural parameters of other types of lanthanides(III) complexes with tetrapyrrolic ligands and also supramolecular systems based on them. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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