The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of different culture durations (24–36 hr) on bovine oocyte maturation in vitro and the effect of the presence or absence of cumulus cells at the time of treatment to induce parthenogenetic activation (exposure to ethanol and cytochalasin B; CB) (experiment I). The effects of dosage (2.5 or 5.0 μg/ml) and incubation time (2.5, 5, or 10 hr) in CB (experiment II) on the subsequent development to the blastocyst stage in vitro was also investigated. In experiment I, cleavage and development to the blastocyst stage were not affected by the presence or absence of cumulus cells at the time of parthenogenetic activation. However, the 24-hr culture duration for in vitro maturation had a significantly lower rate of development to the blastocyst stage than the longer culture durations (27-36 hr). In experiment II, treatment with 5 μg/ml CB for 5 hr showed the highest percentage of development to blastocyst in the oocytes matured for both 27 and 30 hr. To determine the viability of the parthenogenetic embryos (morulae and blastocysts), four recipient heifers received two embryos each, and one heifer was found to be pregnant on day 35 following transfer. Although fetal heartbeat was not observed, the subsequent estrus was prolonged in all heifers. The present results demonstrate development of in vitro-matured, parthenogenetically activated bovine embryos up to the preimplantation stage. © 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.