Reflections on E. E. Just, Black Apollo of Science, and the experiences of African American scientists


  • Kenneth R. Manning

    Corresponding author
    1. Program in Science, Technology and Society, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts
    • Program in Science Technology and Society, and Program in Writing and Humanistic Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.
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The text below is a transcript of the keynote address Kenneth Manning gave at the symposium honoring E. E. Just that was held on the campus of Howard University on November 21, 2008. In his talk, Manning reflects on his experiences researching and writing Black Apollo of Science: The Life of Ernest Everett Just, his prize-winning biography published in 1983. In the process, he retells the fascinating story of the life of E. E. Just. Manning also discusses a number of other topics, including Just's legacy, the role of African Americans in science, and the importance of having minority representation on college campuses.

(Transcribed by: W. Malcolm Byrnes, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, DC.) Mol. Reprod. Dev. 76: 897–902, 2009. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.