Trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism
Article first published online: 21 JAN 2005
Copyright © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews
Special Issue: An Update on Autism Research
Volume 10, Issue 4, pages 234–247, November 2004
How to Cite
Seltzer, M. M., Shattuck, P., Abbeduto, L. and Greenberg, J. S. (2004), Trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism. Ment. Retard. Dev. Disabil. Res. Rev., 10: 234–247. doi: 10.1002/mrdd.20038
- Issue published online: 21 JAN 2005
- Article first published online: 21 JAN 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 NOV 2004
- Manuscript Received: 15 NOV 2004
- Unknown funding agency. Grant Numbers: R01 AG08768, R01 HD 24356, R01 MH55928, P30 HD03352
- life course development
This article seeks to elucidate the trajectory of development in adolescents and adults with autism. Prospective, retrospective, and cross-sectional studies are reviewed to reveal the manifestation of and changes in the core symptoms of autism in adolescence and adulthood. Comparing children with adolescents and adults, modest degrees of symptom abatement and improvement in skills have been documented in multiple studies, as are increases in verbal and decreases in performance IQ. Nevertheless, most individuals do not attain normative outcomes in adulthood and continue to manifest significant degrees of symptomatology and dependency. However, a small sub-group (about 15%) has more favorable adult outcomes. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. MRDD Research Reviews 2004;10:234–247.