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Metallocene-Catalyzed Gas-Phase Ethylene Copolymerization: Kinetics and Polymer Properties



The influence of 1-hexene is examined on the kinetics of ethylene copolymerization with a metallocene catalyst in gas phase. A model is derived, which is able to describe a large reaction rate increase due to a small amount of incorporated comonomer. This complexation model describes the measured reaction rates for ethylene and 1-hexene, and the co-monomer incorporation. Polymer properties were analyzed, such as comonomer weight fraction. The density, melting point, and molecular weight of the produced polymer decreased with increase in 1-hexene gas concentration. The in situ 1-hexene sorption is estimated and follows Henry's law, but seems much higher than reported in the literature.

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