This paper was amended on May 4, 2012, to correct a typographical error in the appendix.
Thermal Polymerization of Styrene, Part 1 – Bulk Polymerization†
Article first published online: 19 APR 2012
Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Macromolecular Reaction Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 5, pages 213–224, May 2012
How to Cite
Katzer, J., Pauer, W. and Moritz, H.-U. (2012), Thermal Polymerization of Styrene, Part 1 – Bulk Polymerization. Macromolecular Reaction Engineering, 6: 213–224. doi: 10.1002/mren.201100075
- Issue published online: 8 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 19 APR 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 10 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 14 NOV 2011
- bulk polymerization;
- thermal initiation
The thermal bulk polymerization of styrene is critically reviewed. There is still no generally accepted kinetic model for the thermal radical formation process, but ideal second- or third-order models are widely used for modeling bulk systems. Since initiation and chain transfer reactions cannot be treated independently from one another as long as the same species is considered to be involved, it is concluded that non-ideal kinetics, possibly in form of a (micro-)viscosity dependency of the Mayo mechanism, are likely to be present. A mathematical model is presented that keeps the predictive capabilities of the Hui-Hamielec model, but allows facile implementation of reaction specific modifications. Part 2 of this paper will focus on the effect of compartmentalization on the thermal polymerization of styrene.