RARE imaging: A fast imaging method for clinical MR



Based on the principles of echo imaging, we presnet a method to acquire sufficient data for a 256 × 256 image in from 2 to 40s. The image contrast is dominated by the transverse relaxation time T2 Sampling all projections for 2D FT image reconstruction in one (or a few) echo trains leads to image artifacts due to the different T2 weighting of the echo. These artifacts cannot be described by a simple smearing out of the image in the phase direction. Proper distribution of the phase-encoding steps on the echoes can be used to minimize artifacts and even lead to resolution enhancement. In spite of the short data acquisition times, the signal amplitudes of structures with long T2 are nearly the same as those in a conventional 2D FT experiment. Our method, therefore, is an ideal screening technique for lesions with long T2. © 1986 Academic Press, Inc.