Correction of off resonance-related distortion in echo-planar imaging using EPI-based field maps



We present, here, a simple method for measurement and correction of off-resonance related geometric distortion in echo-planar imaging (EP1). This method uses high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) EPI-based field maps, rapidly acquired using a series of gradient recalled images collected across a range of TE values. This field map is distorted in the same manner as the EPI images to be unwarped, providing a direct look-up table for the correct location of each pixel of data. This method adds very little scan time and is robust and easy to implement.