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Keywords:

  • magnetic resonance spectroscopy;
  • quantification;
  • B1 mapping;
  • N-acetylaspartate;
  • creatine

Abstract

A method to provide B1 correction and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) referencing is developed and applied to spectroscopic imaging of the human brain at 4.1 T using a volume head coil. The B1 image allows rapid determination of the spatially dependent B1 that is then used to compensate for the B1 sensitivity of the spectroscopic sequence. The reference signal is acquired from CSF located in a lateral ventricular position using a point-resolved echo spectroscopy (PRESS) acquisition. The CSF spectrum is also corrected for B1 dependence. Together with T2 and T1 corrections, this method is used to provide quantitative values of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine (Cr), and choline (Ch). The metabolite concentrations obtained from a spectroscopic imaging slice through the ventricles in seven normal controls are in good agreement with previously published literature values. This method is applied in a patient with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis, showing separate areas of abnormalities in both NAA and Cr.