Reduced blood flow artifact in intraplaque hemorrhage imaging using CineMPRAGE

Authors

  • Jason Mendes,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Radiology, Utah Center for Advanced Imaging Research, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
    • Utah Center for Advanced Imaging Research, 729 Arapeen Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84108
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  • Dennis L. Parker,

    1. Department of Radiology, Utah Center for Advanced Imaging Research, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
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  • Seong-Eun Kim,

    1. Department of Radiology, Utah Center for Advanced Imaging Research, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
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  • Gerald S. Treiman

    1. Department of Radiology, Utah Center for Advanced Imaging Research, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
    2. Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
    3. Department of Veterans Affairs, VASLCHCS, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
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Abstract

Magnetization prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo (3D MPRAGE) has been shown to be a sensitive method to image carotid intraplaque hemorrhage. As the MPRAGE sequence used to identify potential intraplaque hemorrhage does not utilize cardiac gating, it is difficult to optimize the inversion times due to the dynamic nature of flowing blood. As a result, a best fit inversion time is often determined experimentally and then used for in vivo clinical examination. This results in compromised blood suppression and occasional hemorrhage mimicking flow artifacts. We demonstrate that a retrospective cardiac correlated reconstruction can be applied to the conventional MPRAGE sequence (CineMPRAGE) to more accurately identify blood signal. This CineMPRAGE reconstruction uses the data from a standard nongated MPRAGE sequence to generate a full sequence of cardiac correlated images throughout the cardiac cycle and, therefore, provides a dynamic view of the carotid artery and a better ability to discern blood signal from potential intraplaque hemorrhage. In our preliminary study of 35 patients, signal from potential hemorrhage was constant over the cardiac cycle, whereas any signal from blood flow artifact was observed as an oscillating signal over the cardiac cycle. Magn Reson Med, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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