• 1
    Nienaber CA, Fattori R, Mehta RH, Richartz BM, Evangelista A, Petzsch M, Cooper JV, Januzzi JL, Ince H, Sechtem U, Bossone E, Fang J, Smith DE, Isselbacher EM, Pape LA, Eagle KA. Gender-related differences in acute aortic dissection. Circulation 2004; 109: 30143021.
  • 2
    Hagan PG, Nienaber CA, Isselbacher EM, Bruckman D, Karavite DJ, Russman PL, Evangelista A, Fattori R, Suzuki T, Oh JK, Moore AG, Malouf JF, Pape LA, Gaca C, Sechtem U, Lenferink S, Deutsch HJ, Diedrichs H, Marcos y Robles J, Llovet A, Gilon D, Das SK, Armstrong WF, Deeb GM, Eagle KA. The International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD): new insights into an old disease. J Am Med Assoc 2000; 283: 897903.
  • 3
    Tsai TT, Evangelista A, Nienaber CA, Myrmel T, Meinhardt G, Cooper JV, Smith DE, Suzuki T, Fattori R, Llovet A, Froehlich J, Hutchison S, Distante A, Sundt T, Beckman J, Januzzi JL Jr, Isselbacher EM, Eagle KA. Partial thrombosis of the false lumen in patients with acute type B aortic dissection. N Engl J Med 2007; 357: 349359.
  • 4
    Masuda Y, Yamada Z, Morooka N, Watanabe S, Inagaki Y. Prognosis of patients with medically treated aortic dissections. Circulation 1991; 84: III7III13.
  • 5
    Booher AM, Isselbacher EM, Nienaber CA, Froehlich JB, Trimarchi S, Cooper JV, Demertzis S, Ramanath VS, Januzzi JL, Harris KM, O'Gara PT, Sundt TM III, Pyeritz RE, Eagle KA. Ascending thoracic aorta dimension and outcomes in acute type B dissection (from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection [IRAD]). Am J Cardiol 2011; 107: 315320.
  • 6
    Suzuki T, Mehta RH, Ince H, Nagai R, Sakomura Y, Weber F, Sumiyoshi T, Bossone E, Trimarchi S, Cooper JV, Smith DE, Isselbacher EM, Eagle KA, Nienaber CA. Clinical profiles and outcomes of acute type B aortic dissection in the current era: lessons from the International Registry of Aortic Dissection (IRAD). Circulation 2003; 108: II312II317.
  • 7
    Juvonen T, Ergin MA, Galla JD, Lansman SL, McCullough JN, Nguyen K, Bodian CA, Ehrlich MP, Spielvogel D, Klein JJ, Griepp RB. Risk factors for rupture of chronic type B dissections. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1999; 117: 776786.
  • 8
    Williams DM, Lee DY, Hamilton BH, Marx MV, Narasimham DL, Kazanjian SN, Prince MR, Andrews JC, Cho KJ, Deeb GM. The dissected aorta: percutaneous treatment of ischemic complications—principles and results. J Vasc Interv Radiol 1997; 8: 605625.
  • 9
    Erbel R, Alfonso F, Boileau C, Dirsch O, Eber B, Haverich A, Rakowski H, Struyven J, Radegran K, Sechtem U, Taylor J, Zollikofer C, Klein WW, Mulder B, Providencia LA. Diagnosis and management of aortic dissection. Eur Heart J 2001; 22: 16421681.
  • 10
    Moon MC, Pablo Morales J, Greenberg RK. Complicated acute type B dissection and endovascular repair: indications and pitfalls. Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Therapy 2007; 19: 146159.
  • 11
    Narita K, Akutsu K, Yamamoto T, Sato N, Murata S, Mizuno K, Tanaka K. Simultaneous fenestration with stent implantation for acute limb ischemia due to type B acute aortic dissection complicated with both static and dynamic obstructions. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012; 18: 158161.
  • 12
    Shiiya N, Matsuzaki K, Kunihara T, Murashita T, Matsui Y. Management of vital organ malperfusion in acute aortic dissection: proposal of a mechanism-specific approach. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2007; 55: 8590.
  • 13
    Schneiderman J, Bordin GM, Adar R, Smolinsky A, Seiffert D, Engelberg I, Dilley RB, Thinnes T, Loskutoff DJ. Patterns of expression of fibrinolytic genes and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in dissecting aortic aneurysms. Am J Pathol 1998; 152: 703710.
  • 14
    Qing KX, Yiu WK, Cheng SW. A morphologic study of chronic type B aortic dissections and aneurysms after thoracic endovascular stent grafting. J Vasc Surg 2012; 55: 12681276.
  • 15
    Karmonik C, Duran C, Shah DJ, Anaya-Ayala JE, Davies MG, Lumsden AB, Bismuth J. Preliminary findings in quantification of changes in septal motion during follow-up of type B aortic dissections. J Vasc Surg 2012; 55: 14191426.
  • 16
    Austin N, DiFrancesco LM, Herzog W. Microstructural damage in arterial tissue exposed to repeated tensile strains. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2010; 33: 1419.
  • 17
    Malek AM, Izumo S. Control of endothelial cell gene expression by flow. J Biomech 1995; 28: 15151528.
  • 18
    Tsai TT, Schlicht MS, Khanafer K, Bull JL, Valassis DT, Williams DM, Berguer R, Eagle KA. Tear size and location impacts false lumen pressure in an ex vivo model of chronic type B aortic dissection. J Vasc Surg 2008; 47: 844851.
  • 19
    Erbel R, Oelert H, Meyer J, Puth M, Mohr-Katoly S, Hausmann D, Daniel W, Maffei S, Caruso A, Covino FE, Dialetto G, Iacono C, Cotrufo M, Baroni M, Terrazzi M, Fraser A, Taams M, Slavich G, Sutherland G, Roelandt J, Marcaggi X; the European Cooperative Study Group on Echocardiography. Effect of medical and surgical therapy on aortic dissection evaluated by transesophageal echocardiography. Implications for prognosis and therapy. The European Cooperative Study Group on Echocardiography. Circulation 1993; 87: 16041615.
  • 20
    Bernard Y, Zimmermann H, Chocron S, Litzler JF, Kastler B, Etievent JP, Meneveau N, Schiele F, Bassand JP. False lumen patency as a predictor of late outcome in aortic dissection. Am J Cardiol 2001; 87: 13781382.
  • 21
    Pretre R, Von Segesser LK. Aortic dissection. Lancet 1997; 349: 14611464.
  • 22
    Clough RE, Hussain T, Uribe S, Greil GF, Razavi R, Taylor PR, Schaeffter T, Waltham M. A new method for quantification of false lumen thrombosis in aortic dissection using magnetic resonance imaging and a blood pool contrast agent. J Vasc Surg 2011; 54( 5): 12511258.
  • 23
    Castro M, Putman C, Radaelli A, Frangi A, Cebral J. Hemodynamics and rupture of terminal cerebral aneurysms. Acad Radiol 2009; 16: 12011207.
  • 24
    Cebral JR, Hendrickson S, Putman CM. Hemodynamics in a lethal basilar artery aneurysm just before its rupture. Am J Neuroradiol 2009; 30: 9598.
  • 25
    Ford MD, Stuhne GR, Nikolov HN, Habets DF, Lownie SP, Holdsworth DW, Steinman DA. Virtual angiography for visualization and validation of computational models of aneurysm hemodynamics. IEEE Trans Med Imaging 2005; 24: 15861592.
  • 26
    Jou LD, Wong G, Dispensa B, Lawton MT, Higashida RT, Young WL, Saloner D. Correlation between lumenal geometry changes and hemodynamics in fusiform intracranial aneurysms. Am J Neuroradiol 2005; 26: 23572363.
  • 27
    Karmonik C, Benndorf G, Klucznik R, Haykal H, Strother CM. Wall shear stress variations in basilar tip aneurysms investigated with computational fluid dynamics. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2006; 1: 32143217.
  • 28
    Kleinstreuer C, Li Z. Analysis and computer program for rupture-risk prediction of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Biomed Eng Online 2006; 5: 19.
  • 29
    Kleinstreuer C, Li Z, Farber MA. Fluid–structure interaction analyses of stented abdominal aortic aneurysms. Annu Rev Biomed Eng 2007; 9: 169204.
  • 30
    Li Z, Kleinstreuer C. Blood flow and structure interactions in a stented abdominal aortic aneurysm model. Med Eng Phys 2005; 27: 369382.
  • 31
    Karmonik C, Klucznik R, Benndorf G. Blood flow in cerebral aneurysms: comparison of phase contrast magnetic resonance and computational fluid dynamics—preliminary experience. Rofo 2008; 180: 209215.
  • 32
    Acevedo-Bolton G, Jou LD, Dispensa BP, Lawton MT, Higashida RT, Martin AJ, Young WL, Saloner D. Estimating the hemodynamic impact of interventional treatments of aneurysms: numerical simulation with experimental validation: technical case report. Neurosurgery 2006; 59: E429E430; author reply E429–E430.
  • 33
    Jiang J, Johnson K, Valen-Sendstad K, Mardal KA, Wieben O, Strother C. Flow characteristics in a canine aneurysm model: a comparison of 4D accelerated phase-contrast MR measurements and computational fluid dynamics simulations. Med Phys 2011; 38: 63006312.
  • 34
    Karmonik C, Partovi S, Muller-Eschner M, Bismuth J, Davies MG, Shah DJ, Loebe M, Bockler D, Lumsden AB, von Tengg-Kobligk H. Longitudinal computational fluid dynamics study of aneurysmal dilatation in a chronic DeBakey type III aortic dissection. J Vasc Surg 2012. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2012.02.064.
  • 35
    Karmonik C, Bismuth J, Davies MG, Shah DJ, Younes HK, Lumsden AB. A computational fluid dynamics study pre- and post-stent graft placement in an acute type B aortic dissection. Vasc Endovasc Surg 2011; 45: 157164.
  • 36
    Karmonik C, Bismuth J, Shah DJ, Davies MG, Purdy D, Lumsden AB. Computational study of haemodynamic effects of entry- and exit-tear coverage in a DeBakey type III aortic dissection: technical report. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2011; 42: 172177.
  • 37
    Spiegel M, Redel T, Zhang YJ, Struffert T, Hornegger J, Grossman RG, Doerfler A, Karmonik C. Tetrahedral vs. polyhedral mesh size evaluation on flow velocity and wall shear stress for cerebral hemodynamic simulation. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Eng 2011; 14: 922.
  • 38
    Karmonik C, Bismuth J, Redel T, Anaya-Ayala JE, Davies MG, Shah DJ, Lumsden AB. Impact of tear location on hemodynamics in a type B aortic dissection investigated with computational fluid dynamics. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2010; 2010: 31383141.
  • 39
    Markl M, Arnold R, Hirtler D, von Zur Muhlen C, Harloff A, Langer M, Hennig J, Frydrychowicz A. Three-dimensional flow characteristics in aortic coarctation and poststenotic dilatation. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2009; 33: 776778.
  • 40
    Clough RE, Waltham M, Giese D, Taylor PR, Schaeffter T. A new imaging method for assessment of aortic dissection using four-dimensional phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging. J Vasc Surg 2012; 55: 914923.