Per-subject characterization of bolus width in pulsed arterial spin labeling using bolus turbo sampling



Quantification of cerebral blood flow using QUIPSSII pulsed arterial spin labeling requires that the QUIPSS saturation delay TI1 is shorter than the natural temporal bolus width. Yet the duration of the bolus of tagged spins entering the region of interest varies during vasoactive stimuli such as gaseous challenges or across subjects due to differences in blood velocity or vessel geometry. A new technique, bolus turbo sampling, to rapidly measure the duration of the inflowing bolus is presented. It allows to optimize the arterial spin labeling acquisition to ensure reliable quantification of perfusion while maximizing the arterial spin labeling signal by avoiding the use of unnecessarily short label durations. The average bolus width measured in the right and left middle cerebral artery territories using the bolus turbo sampling technique has a repeatability coefficient of 75 ms and correlates significantly with the TI1,max determined from a novel multi-TI1 protocol (R = 0.65, P < 0.05). The possibility to measure the bolus width under hypercapnia is demonstrated. Magn Reson Med, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.