• turbo-spin-echo MRI;
  • human calf muscle;
  • phosphorus MRI;
  • compressed sensing;
  • principal component analysis


The rate of phosphocreatine (PCr) resynthesis following physical exercise is an accepted index of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism and has been studied extensively with unlocalized 31P-MRS methods and small surface coils. Imaging experiments using volume coils that measure several muscles simultaneously can provide new insights into the variability of muscle function in healthy and diseased states. However, they are limited by long acquisition times relative to the dynamics of PCr recovery. This work focuses on the implementation of a compressed sensing technique to accelerate imaging of PCr resynthesis following physical exercise, using a modified three-dimensional turbo-spin-echo sequence and principal component analysis as sparsifying transform. The compressed sensing technique was initially validated using 2-fold retrospective undersampling of fully sampled data from four volunteers acquired on a 7T MRI system (voxel size: 1.6 mL, temporal resolution: 24 s), which led to an accurate estimation of the mono-exponential PCr resynthesis rate constant (mean error <6.4%). Acquisitions with prospective 2-fold acceleration (temporal resolution: 12 s) demonstrated that three-dimensional mapping of PCr resynthesis is possible at a temporal resolution that is sufficiently high for characterizing the recovery curve of several muscles in a single measurement. Magn Reson Med, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.