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Free-Breathing 3D Cardiac MRI Using Iterative Image-Based Respiratory Motion Correction

Authors

  • Mehdi H. Moghari,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Sébastien Roujol,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Raymond H. Chan,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Susie N. Hong,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Natalie Bello,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Markus Henningsson,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Long H. Ngo,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Beth Goddu,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Lois Goepfert,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Kraig V. Kissinger,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Warren J. Manning,

    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    2. Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Reza Nezafat

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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Abstract

Respiratory motion compensation using diaphragmatic navigator gating with a 5 mm gating window is conventionally used for free-breathing cardiac MRI. Because of the narrow gating window, scan efficiency is low resulting in long scan times, especially for patients with irregular breathing patterns. In this work, a new retrospective motion compensation algorithm is presented to reduce the scan time for free-breathing cardiac MRI that increasing the gating window to 15 mm without compromising image quality. The proposed algorithm iteratively corrects for respiratory-induced cardiac motion by optimizing the sharpness of the heart. To evaluate this technique, two coronary MRI datasets with 1.3 mm3 resolution were acquired from 11 healthy subjects (seven females, 25 ± 9 years); one using a navigator with a 5 mm gating window acquired in 12.0 ± 2.0 min and one with a 15 mm gating window acquired in 7.1 ± 1.0 min. The images acquired with a 15 mm gating window were corrected using the proposed algorithm and compared to the uncorrected images acquired with the 5 and 15 mm gating windows. The image quality score, sharpness, and length of the three major coronary arteries were equivalent between the corrected images and the images acquired with a 5 mm gating window (P-value > 0.05), while the scan time was reduced by a factor of 1.7. Magn Reson Med, 70:1005–1015, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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