MR-based field-of-view extension in MR/PET: B0 homogenization using gradient enhancement (HUGE)
Article first published online: 30 NOV 2012
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume 70, Issue 4, pages 1047–1057, October 2013
How to Cite
Blumhagen, J. O., Ladebeck, R., Fenchel, M. and Scheffler, K. (2013), MR-based field-of-view extension in MR/PET: B0 homogenization using gradient enhancement (HUGE). Magn Reson Med, 70: 1047–1057. doi: 10.1002/mrm.24555
- Issue published online: 24 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 30 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 5 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Received: 6 JUL 2012
- distortion correction;
- B0 inhomogeneity;
- gradient nonlinearity
In whole-body MR/PET, the human attenuation correction can be based on the MR data. However, an MR-based field-of-view (FoV) is limited due to physical restrictions such as B0 inhomogeneities and gradient nonlinearities. Therefore, for large patients, the MR image and the attenuation map might be truncated and the attenuation correction might be biased. The aim of this work is to explore extending the MR FoV through B0 homogenization using gradient enhancement in which an optimal readout gradient field is determined to locally compensate B0 inhomogeneities and gradient nonlinearities. A spin-echo-based sequence was developed that computes an optimal gradient for certain regions of interest, for example, the patient's arms. A significant distortion reduction was achieved outside the normal MR-based FoV. This FoV extension was achieved without any hardware modifications. In-plane distortions in a transaxially extended FoV of up to 600 mm were analyzed in phantom studies. In vivo measurements of the patient's arms lying outside the normal specified FoV were compared with and without the use of B0 homogenization using gradient enhancement. In summary, we designed a sequence that provides data for reducing the image distortions due to B0 inhomogeneities and gradient nonlinearities and used the data to extend the MR FoV. Magn Reson Med, 70:1047–1057, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.