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Accelerated MRI by SPEED with generalized sampling schemes

Authors

  • Zhaoyang Jin,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Information and Control, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China
    • Correspondence to: Zhaoyang Jin, Ph.D., Institute of Information and Control, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China. E-mail: jinzhaoyang@hdu.edu.cn

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  • Qing-San Xiang

    1. Department of Radiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
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Abstract

Purpose

To enhance the fast imaging technique of skipped phase encoding (PE) and edge deghosting (SPEED) for more general sampling options, and thus more flexibility in implementations and applications.

Methods

SPEED uses skipped PE steps to accelerate MRI scan. Previously, the PE skip size was chosen from prime numbers only. This restriction has been relaxed in this study to allow choice of any integers rather than merely prime numbers. Various sampling patterns were studied under all possible combinations of PE skip size and PE shifts. A criterion based on the rank values of ghost phasor matrices was introduced to evaluate SPEED reconstruction.

Results

The reconstruction quality was found to correlate with the rank value of the ghost phasor matrix and the skipped PE size N. A low-rank value indicates a singular matrix that causes failure of the SPEED reconstruction. Composite numbers combined with appropriately chosen PE shifts yielded satisfactory reconstruction results.

Conclusion

With properly chosen PE shifts, it was found that any integers, including both prime numbers and composite numbers, could be used as PE skip size for SPEED. This finding allows much more flexible data acquisition options that may lead to more freedom in practical implementations and applications. Magn Reson Med 70:1674–1681, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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