Monitoring and compensating phase imperfections in cine balanced steady-state free precession
Article first published online: 6 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume 70, Issue 6, pages 1567–1579, December 2013
How to Cite
Fischer, R. F., Barmet, C., Rudin, M., Boesiger, P., Pruessmann, K. P. and Kozerke, S. (2013), Monitoring and compensating phase imperfections in cine balanced steady-state free precession. Magn Reson Med, 70: 1567–1579. doi: 10.1002/mrm.24606
- Issue published online: 18 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 6 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Received: 6 JUL 2012
- steady-state free precession;
- balanced SSFP;
- cine imaging;
- eddy currents;
- magnetic field monitoring
To analyze and correct for eddy current-induced phase imperfections in cardiac cine balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) imaging.
Eddy current-induced phase offsets were measured for different phase-encoding schemes using a higher order dynamic field camera. Based on these measurements, offset phases were corrected for in postprocessing and by run-time phase compensation applying radiofrequency phase increments and additional compensatory gradient areas. The findings were validated using numerical simulations, phantom experiments, and in vivo cardiac scans.
Depending on the phase-encoding scheme, significant eddy current-induced phase offsets were detected. Time-varying phase offsets were observed at subsequent excitations leading to steady-state distortions and hence to profile-dependent amplitude modulations in k-space. Taking into account measured k-space trajectories algebraic image reconstruction allowed compensating imperfect spatial encoding. Correction of amplitude modulations was successfully accomplished by run-time phase compensation.
Using magnetic field monitoring, artifacts in cine balanced steady-state free precession caused by uncompensated eddy current fields can be significantly reduced. Magn Reson Med 70:1567–1579, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.