Whole-heart chemical shift encoded water–fat MRI
Article first published online: 1 NOV 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume 72, Issue 3, pages 718–725, September 2014
How to Cite
Taviani, V., Hernando, D., Francois, C. J., Shimakawa, A., Vigen, K. K., Nagle, S. K., Schiebler, M. L., Grist, T. M. and Reeder, S. B. (2014), Whole-heart chemical shift encoded water–fat MRI. Magn Reson Med, 72: 718–725. doi: 10.1002/mrm.24982
- Issue published online: 14 AUG 2014
- Article first published online: 1 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 12 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 29 MAY 2013
- chemical shift encoding;
To develop and evaluate a free-breathing chemical-shift-encoded (CSE) spoiled gradient-recalled echo (SPGR) technique for whole-heart water–fat imaging at 3 Tesla (T).
We developed a three-dimensional (3D) multi-echo SPGR pulse sequence with electrocardiographic gating and navigator echoes and evaluated its performance at 3T in healthy volunteers (N = 6) and patients (N = 20). CSE-SPGR, 3D SPGR, and 3D balanced-SSFP with chemical fat saturation were compared in six healthy subjects with images evaluated for overall image quality, level of residual artifacts, and quality of fat suppression. A similar scoring system was used for the patient datasets.
Images of diagnostic quality were acquired in all but one subject. CSE-SPGR performed similarly to SPGR with fat saturation, although it provided a more uniform fat suppression over the whole field of view. Balanced-SSFP performed worse than SPGR-based methods. In patients, CSE-SPGR produced excellent fat suppression near metal. Overall image quality was either good (7/20) or excellent (12/20) in all but one patient. There were significant artifacts in 5/20 clinical cases.
CSE-SPGR is a promising technique for whole-heart water–fat imaging during free-breathing. The robust fat suppression in the water-only image could improve assessment of complex morphology at 3T and in the presence of off-resonance, with additional information contained in the fat-only image. Magn Reson Med 72:718–725, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.