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Keywords:

  • conventional low-fat diets;
  • high–monounsaturated fat diets;
  • high-protein diets;
  • low-carbohydrate diets;
  • low-fat vegan diets;
  • low-glycemic index diets;
  • nutritional strategy;
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus;
  • weight loss

Abstract

Weight loss is a key goal in the management of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. There are conflicting weight-loss strategies, including low-carbohydrate diets, low glycemic-index diets, low-fat vegan diets, conventional low-fat diets, and high-protein and high–monounsaturated fat diets. There is no evidence to suggest that 1 nutritional strategy is clearly the best. The most successful strategy is one that the patient can adopt and follow in the long term. Mt Sinai J Med 76:257–268, 2009. © 2009 Mount Sinai School of Medicine