Myopathy associated with anti–signal recognition peptide antibodies: Clinical heterogeneity contrasts with stereotyped histopathology



We report three patients with anti–signal recognition particle antibodies who had different presenting clinical pictures, mimicking acute polymyositis, limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, and acute rhabdomyolysis. Muscle biopsies typically showed necrotizing myopathy with little or no inflammation and deposits of membrane attack complex (C5b-9) in endomysial capillaries. The clinical course was severe in two patients and mild in one. The combination of corticosteroid with either an immunosuppressive agent or intravenous immunoglobulins was required to improve the condition of these patients. Muscle Nerve, 2006