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Keywords:

  • demographics;
  • disease associations;
  • non–length-dependent small-fiber sensory neuropathy;
  • length-dependent small-fiber sensory neuropathy;
  • skin biopsy

Abstract

Introduction:

Non–length-dependent small-fiber sensory neuropathy (NLD-SFSN) is not as well characterized as length-dependent small-fiber sensory neuropathy (LD-SFSN).

Methods:

Sixty-three patients with NLD-SFSN were compared with 175 patients with LD-SFSN for their demographics and disease associations.

Results:

Age was younger in those with NLD-SFSN (45.5 ± 13.1 years) than in those with LD-SFSN (55.1 ± 11.4 years, P < 0.001). Forty-six of 63 (73.0%) patients were women in the NLD-SFSN group, whereas 84 of 175 (48.0%) were women in the LD-SFSN group (P < 0.001). Disease associations were identified in 26 of 63 (41.3%) patients with NLD-SFSN, including diabetes or prediabetes in 10 (15.9%), connective tissue diseases in 6 (9.5%), thyroid dysfunction in 4 (6.3%), sarcoidosis in 3 (4.8%), vitamin B12 deficiency in 2 (3.2%), and paraproteinemia in 1 (1.6%). Immune-mediated conditions were present in 9 of 63 (14.3%) patients with NLD-SFSN and 6 of 175 (3.4%) patients with LD-SFSN (P = 0.012).

Conclusions:

NLD-SFSN is more common in women, presents at a younger age, and is more likely to be associated with immune-mediated conditions than LD-SFSN. Muscle Nerve 45: 86–91, 2012