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Keywords:

  • femoral neuropathy;
  • lumbar plexopathy;
  • medial femoral cutaneous nerve;
  • medial femoral cutaneous neuropathy;
  • sensory nerve conduction

Abstract

Introduction: In this investigation we report on the clinical utility of sensory nerve conduction studies of the medial femoral cutaneous (MFC) nerve.

Methods:

Sensory nerve conduction of the MFC nerve was assessed in 22 patients for whom this test was considered clinically necessary.

Results:

MFC nerve conduction was abnormal in 4 cases of MFC neuropathy. The most common cause was iatrogenic in 14 femoral neuropathy cases. MFC nerve conduction showed absent or low-amplitude sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) in 13 cases, with femoral motor nerve conduction abnormal in 5 cases. In 2 cases with acute lumbar plexopathy, the MFC SNAP was absent unilaterally. MFC nerve conduction was normal in 1 case with diabetic lumbar radiculopathy and in another case with postpolio syndrome.

Conclusion:

Assessment of MFC nerve conduction is extremely useful in the diagnosis of femoral neuropathy, medial femoral cutaneous neuropathy, and lumbar plexopathy. Muscle Nerve, 2012