The risk of hematoma following extensive electromyography of the lumbar paraspinal muscles

Authors

  • Zachary London MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Neurology, The University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    • Department of Neurology, The University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
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  • Douglas J. Quint MD,

    1. Department of Radiology, The University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
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  • Andrew J. Haig MD,

    1. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
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  • Karen S.J. Yamakawa MS

    1. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
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Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to provide a controlled trial looking at the risk of paraspinal hematoma formation following extensive paraspinal muscle electromyography. Methods: 54 subjects ages 55–80 underwent MRI of the lumbar spine before or shortly after electromyography using the paraspinal mapping technique. A neuroradiologist, blinded to the temporal relationship between the EMG and MRI, reviewed the MRIs to look for hematomas in or around the paraspinal muscles. Results: Two MRIs demonstrated definite paraspinal hematomas, while 10 were found to have possible hematomas. All hematomas were < 15 mm, and none were close to any neural structures. There was no relationship between MRI evidence of hematoma and either the timing of the EMG or the use of aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Conclusions: Paraspinal electromyography can be considered safe in the general population and those taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Muscle Nerve 46:26–30, 2012

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