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Keywords:

  • Epworth Sleepiness Scale;
  • Health-related quality of life Myasthenia gravis;
  • sleep disorders;
  • Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index

Abstract

Introduction: There is much research on quality of life in myasthenia gravis (MG), and its relationship to disease severity is well-established. However, evidence regarding sleep disturbance in MG is inconclusive. Methods: To evaluate sleep and quality of life among clinically stable MG patients, 54 subjects were investigated by means of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and 15-Item-Quality-Of-Life Instrument for MG (MG-QOL15). Results: A pathological PSQI score, which was observed in 59% of patients, was increased in subjects with active disease compared with patients in clinical remission [odds ratio = 4.3; confidence interval 95% (1.0–17.6); P = 0.04]. We found a relationship between PSQI and MG-QOL15 scores in patients with clinically active disease (r = 0.62; P < 0.001). Conclusions: Our study highlights the high prevalence of sleep disturbance among MG patients. Disease severity may be considered to be a MG-specific risk factor for patient-reported sleep disturbance. The MG-QOL15 and PSQI should be used to estimate the impact of the disease on sleep and quality of life. Muscle Nerve 46: 174–180, 2012