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Keywords:

  • chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy;
  • diabetic neuropathy;
  • Guillain–Barré;
  • syndrome;
  • hereditary neuropathies;
  • HIV-associated neuropathy;
  • ocular involvement;
  • peripheral neuropathy

Abstract

Ocular movements and coordination require complex and integrated functions of somatic and autonomic nervous systems. Neurological disorders affecting these nervous systems may cause ocular dysfunction involving extraocular muscles and pupils. In this article, the prevalence, clinical presentations, and management of ocular neuropathy related to certain peripheral neuropathies, including diabetic neuropathy, Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS), chronic inflammatory neuropathies, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neuropathy, and hereditary neuropathies, are examined in detail. Muscle Nerve 46: 681–686, 2012