Nitric oxide (NO) signaling regulates many biological processes in skeletal muscle, wherein aberrant signaling contributes to myopathic conditions (e.g., Duchenne muscular dystrophy). NO has been shown to play a role in muscle regeneration after injury. However, less is known about its role during injury. In this study we aimed to determine whether NO synthase (NOS) inhibition exacerbates functional deficits immediately after the performance of eccentric contractions.
Wild-type mouse extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles underwent in vitro functional testing in the presence or absence of a non-specific NOS inhibitor (L-NAME, 10 mM) before and after performance of 10 eccentric contractions.
After eccentric contractions, Po was reduced by ∽25% for muscle in regular physiological solution but by ∽50% with the addition of L-NAME (P = 0.009).
Non-specific blockade of NOS exacerbates functional deficits immediately after eccentric contractions, suggesting that NO signaling protects skeletal muscle from excessive injury in healthy muscle. Muscle Nerve, 2013