SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • decremental response;
  • pseudofacilitation;
  • repetitive nerve stimulation;
  • spinal accessory nerve;
  • trapezius muscle

Introduction

The repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) test in the trapezius muscle is used widely for the evaluation of myasthenia gravis. However, pseudofacilitation is often difficult to avoid in this muscle and may compromise the detection of small decremental responses. We have devised a new maneuver to reduce pseudofacilitation.

Methods

Using our maneuver, the shoulder of a supine subject is elevated passively and is held firmly by the examiner. Four conventional maneuvers as well as ours were compared with regard to pseudofacilitation that was maximal at the second wave in 14 control subjects.

Results

Pseudofacilitation at the second and fourth waves was the smallest using our maneuver. Up to 15% pseudofacilitation was observed using the other maneuvers.

Conclusion

Pseudofacilitation in the trapezius muscle is mainly due to shortening of the muscle belly. It can be reduced greatly by shortening the muscle in advance. Muscle Nerve 47: 668–672, 2013