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Keywords:

  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis;
  • botulinum toxin;
  • drooling;
  • palliative;
  • sialorrhea

Abstract

Introduction: We aimed to determine the effect of different botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A) dilutions on the treatment efficacy and side effects for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) related sialorrhea. Methods: Ten patients were enrolled in the study. BTX-A dilution for Group A was 100 U in 1 ml of saline, whereas the dilution for Group B was 100 U in 2 ml of saline. Both groups received 20 U of BTX-A in each parotid gland, and assessments were made by means of the Drooling Impact Scale, items 1 and 3 of the ALS functional rating scale, and visual analog scales for drooling and swallowing function. Results: Although both groups exhibited a similar improvement in drooling, Group B had a mild but significant deterioration in bulbar function that was not evident in Group A. Conclusions: These results suggest that BTX-A has a safer profile when reconstituted with 1 ml instead of 2 ml of saline. Muscle Nerve, 2013